difference between race and ethnicity examples

Race is usually seen as biological, referring to the physical characteristics of a person, while ethnicity is viewed as a social science construct that describes a person's cultural identity. The ethnicity of a person can be determined by his/her dialect, culture, food habits, dressing style, race, physical appearance and so on. or the dividing of people in this way. The difference between race and ethnicity is not always clear-cut. The association between obesity and income or educational level is complex and differs by sex and race/ethnicity. Second, the race categories "Superior: The Return of Race Science (opens in new tab)" (Beacon Press, 2019) by Angela Saini Beacon tracks the history of scientific racism and the ways discredited ideas still influence scientific fields today. How to use ethnicity in a sentence. Lets start first with race, which refers to a category of people who share certain inherited physical characteristics, such as skin color, facial features, and stature.A key question about race is whether it is more of a biological category or a social category. Ethnicity facts and figures Government data about the UK's different ethnic groups. As noted earlier, the history of the United States is filled with examples of prejudice and discrimination against immigrants. Whats the Difference Between Race vs. The ways the questions are asked have also shifted. Scope and Role of Distributive Principles. 6103(b).) The word "race", interpreted to mean an identifiable group of people who share a common descent, was introduced into English in about 1580, from the Old French rasse (1512), from Italian razza.An earlier but etymologically distinct word for a similar concept was the Latin word genus meaning a group sharing qualities related to birth, descent, origin, race, stock, or What Is The Difference Between Race And Ethnicity? As long as you stir the pot nothing is gained you divide people. When speaking to colleagues about family, Both race and ethnicity encompass many of these descriptors. *If a holiday falls on a Saturday, for most Federal employees, the preceding Friday will be treated as a holiday for pay and leave purposes. If some Neandertals had survived there would be two. (Eds. While it is socially constructed through human interaction and relationships between people and institutions, as a social force, race is real in its consequences. "'Race' and 'ethnicity' have been and continue to be used as ways to describe human diversity," said Nina Jablonski, an anthropologist and paleobiologist at The Pennsylvania State University, who is known for her research into the evolution of human skin color. 6. United States Census Bureau. Language, music, art, foodthese are just some of the characteristics that reflect ones ethnicity. The sociology of race and ethnicity is a large and vibrant subfield within sociology in which researchers and theorists focus on the ways that social, political, and economic relations interact with race and ethnicity in a given society, region, or community. Notices. https://www.verywellmind.com/domestic-violence-varies-by-ethnicity-62648. Around the start of the 20th century, people from various regions were considered to be members of sub-categories of the White race, such as Alpine and Mediterranean races. At one point, people were asked for their race and origin, but this proved too confusing. https://www.verywellmind.com/the-latinx-community-and-the-u-s-census-5191182. Du Bois, who was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard, is credited with pioneering the subfield within the United States with his famous and still widely taught books The Souls of Black Folkand Black Reconstruction. However, our perception and the census categories share a commonality: neither informs us of the essence or aspects of a persons identity other than what their physical appearance reveals. Research shows that people who have similar physical attributes arent as similar genetically as some people think. The Atlantic. That's reflected, for instance, in higher levels of poverty (opens in new tab) for minority groups, poorer access to education and health care, and greater exposure to crime, environmental injustices (opens in new tab) and other social ills. Defining people by race, especially, is ingrained in the way that societies are structured, how they function and how they understand their citizens: Consider the fact that the U.S. Census Bureau officially recognizes five distinct racial groups, according to the U.S. Census Bureau (opens in new tab). Race/ethnicity includes White British people, but Asian, Black and other ethnically diverse people are more likely to experience racial prejudice Continue reading A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. "Race is understood by most people as a mixture of physical, behavioral and cultural attributes. There are individual Pacific Islander checkboxes for people who identify as one or more of the following: If you do not identify with any of the above groups, you can choose "Some Other Race" and input how you identify yourself. Within a racial group, there can be several ethnic groups. There are no easy answers, but one thing is clear: While both are portrayed as a way to understand human diversity, in reality they also wield power as agents of division that don't reflect any scientific truths. Take careful note of the subtle, yet meaningful, difference. Because the driver of the triangular trade [which included slavery] was capitalism, and the accumulation of wealth," said Jayne O. Ifekwunigwe, a medical anthropologist at the Center on Genomics, Race, Identity, Difference (GRID) at the Social Science Research Institute (SSRI), Duke University. The Bureau collects data about race also because theyre ensuring that policies serve the needs of all racial groups. When early American sociologists focused on race and ethnicity, du Bois excepted, they tended to focus on the concepts of integration, acculturation, and assimilation, in keeping with the view of the U.S. as a "melting pot" into which difference should be absorbed. Scope and Role of Distributive Principles. Another reason for complication: language is fluid. A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. The homograph referring to a contest or competition had a head start. Fall 2020. Interestingly, there is no biological basis for racial classification. The meaning of ETHNICITY is ethnic quality or affiliation. The decision of an appeal committee and the grounds on 15. Race. The terms we use, the categories we offer, and our beliefs about genetic makeup will continue to change over time. Meaning of the relevant person 17. Because racial genetic differences aren't strong, some scientists describe all humans as belonging to a single race: the human race. Some examples of these groups include: German, Italian, Lebanese, Cajun, Chaldean, Slavic, Iranian, French, Polish, Egyptian, Irish, and English. Favorite Snow and Snowmen Stories to Celebrate the Joys of Winter. Get monthly updates on new and updated pages, policy activity, and events. Race, however, is pretty much just skin-deep, and describes some of the physical traits a certain population might share. Sir Walter Scott, A Legend of Montrose, 1819. One usage refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. Just don't lecture me on birth control into already impoverished scenarios, or the accompanying stupidity that follows. Critical race theory (CRT) is a cross-disciplinary examination, by social and civil-rights scholars and activists, of how laws, social and political movements, and media shape, and are shaped by, social conceptions of race and ethnicity.Goals include challenging all mainstream and "alternative" views of racism and racial justice, including conservative, liberal and progressive. Trumps EPA Concludes Environmental Racism Is Real. Race and ethnicity are terms that are sometimes used sloppily, almost interchangeably. Isabel Wilkerson's "Caste: The Origins of our Discontents (opens in new tab)" (Random House, 2020) explores how race and ethnicity are used to divide people into hierarchies. (2021, May 30). This is why forms are constantly evolving, along with our understanding of both race and ethnicity. The legacy of racial categories has also shaped society in ways that have resulted in vastly different socioeconomic realities for different groups. Notices. The data on race is based on self-identification and is not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically. Census respondents can mark more than one race on the form to indicate their racial mixture. They want to monitor compliance with antidiscrimination laws and regulations, too. Indeed, delineating or separating people into different races is a sociological concept that seeks to segregate humans based on similar skin color and physical appearance. The Difference Between Hispanic and Latino, Understanding the Difference Between Race and Ethnicity, Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology, The Definition of Whiteness in American Society, How W.E.B. See different types of ethnicity and examples of ethnic groups, and how ethnicity compares to race and nationality. The term dialect (from Latin dialectus, dialectos, from the Ancient Greek word , dilektos 'discourse', from , di 'through' and , lg 'I speak') can refer to either of two distinctly different types of linguistic phenomena: . The Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish categories refer to people who identify with any of the ethnic groups originating from: If you do not identify with any of these groups, you would select the option "Not of Hispanic, Spanish, or Latino origin.". Crossman, Ashley. First, the [2020 US Census] question [about race] is based on how you identify. According to the human genome project, our DNA is 99.9% the same, and less than 1% of DNA accounts for the differences among people. Definition, Theories, and Examples, Biological Determinism: Definition and Examples, What Is Anti-Semitism? "What Racism Costs Us All (opens in new tab)." The belief that race is due to genetic differences and biological morphologies gave way to racism, the idea of superiority and inferiority based on race, they charge. You have likely filled out a form or application at some point that has asked you to check the box to identify your race. "That's what happens when a lot of African immigrants come to the United States and suddenly realize that while in their home countries, they were Senegalese or Kenyan or Nigerian, they come to the U.S. and they're Black." L.A. Times entertainment news from Hollywood including event coverage, celebrity gossip and deals. But the tricky bit is that there is absolutely no biological determinant of race. While science has shown that understanding to be wrong, we still see the long-term effects of its damage in continued racial prejudice and discrimination. Critical race theory (CRT) is a cross-disciplinary examination, by social and civil-rights scholars and activists, of how laws, social and political movements, and media shape, and are shaped by, social conceptions of race and ethnicity.Goals include challenging all mainstream and "alternative" views of racism and racial justice, including conservative, liberal and progressive. New York University sociology professor Dalton Conley spoke to PBS about the difference between race and ethnicity for the program Race: The Power of an Illusion: Conley, like other sociologists, argues that ethnicity is more fluid and crosses racial lines: Nadra Kareem Nittle is a journalist with bylines in The Atlantic, Vox, and The New York Times. The American sociologist W.E.B. The legal difference between "interned" and relocated had significant effects on those who were imprisoned. Join the discussion about your favorite team! Go behind the scenes with five photographers who crisscrossed the world. They vary in what is considered relevant to distributive justice (income, wealth, opportunities, jobs, welfare, utility, etc. Not Asians, not Africans, not every other, "minority" you can phenotypically describe No, in the overall pizza pie slice diagram of EITHER race or ethnicity, CAUCASIANS are a MINORITY in global population. The legal difference between "interned" and relocated had significant effects on those who were imprisoned. Additionally, while race and ethnicity are distinct terms, we sometimes use or apply them interchangeably, whether with good intentions, because the people around us do, or just out of ignorance. https://www.history.com/topics/holocaust/ethnic-cleansing (opens in new tab), Smedley, Audrey, The history of the idea of race. They assert that differing "racial projects" that seek to define race and racial categories are engaged in constant competition to give the dominant meaning to race. Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams, 1907, this girl, Dolores by name, and a Catalonian by race . (See 5 U.S.C. One indication of the difference between race and ethnicity is that ethnicity can be hidden, but race is typically on display. INS Camps were regulated by international treaty. At other times, you may be invited to check all the categories that apply. 16. Race is biological, describing physical traits inherited from your parents. It is difficult at this early date to predict what difference this demographic shift will mean for racial and ethnic relations in the United States. Ethnic and Racial Minorities & Socioeconomic Status. What's more, "there are no genes that are unique to any particular 'race,'" she said. Groups that fall under this category include: The category Asian includes all individuals who identify with one or more nationalities or ethnic groups originating in the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-of-race-and-ethnicity-3026285. Instead, they can identify as belonging to many groups, or they could feel as though they make up a smaller group that is not an option on a form. Book List. Based on similar physical and biological attributes, Based on cultural expression and place of origin, Merriam-Webster defines race as a category of humankind that shares certain distinctive physical traits.. There are hundreds and possibly thousands of ethnic categories. In a 2015 national survey of self-identified Hispanics, 56% said that being Hispanic is part of both their racial and See different types of ethnicity and examples of ethnic groups, and how ethnicity compares to race and nationality. New York, Do Races Differ? This results in a conflicting and often distressing experience of the process of identity formation. the difference between spent and unspent convictions; how long before different kinds of conviction are considered to be spent; which convictions must be declared when applying for jobs or insurance; Are carrots orange because of a Dutch revolutionary? Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/difference-between-race-and-ethnicity-2834950. L.A. Times entertainment news from Hollywood including event coverage, celebrity gossip and deals. Race and ethnicity can be related, but they are not the same thing. The people who traded their next door neighbors were FLUSH with gold and slaves. Topics and methods in this subfield are wide-ranging, and the development of the field dates back to the early 20th It includes their language, nationality, heritage, religion, dress, and customs. They are not used to identify you personally. Remember all the degree programs related to studies of race and ethnicity? (Image credit: Mireya Acierto via Getty Images), Steelmaking doesnt need to come with CO2 emissions anymore, and SSAB has the technology. Human skin pigmentation as an adaptation to UV radiation. Ethnicity is considered an anthropological term because it is based on learned behaviors, not biological factors. whether phenotypical or genotypical, "you can not fix stupid." Perceptions of race even inform the way we construct our own identities though this isn't always a negative thing. "Races were created by naturalists and philosophers of the 18th century. 82% of people in England and Wales are white, ); and on what basis the (2010, May 5). Indeed, in a March 2020 article in the anthropology journal Sapiens, Alan Goodman, a professor of biological anthropology at Hampshire College in Massachusetts, noted that "Race is real, but it's not genetic," adding that: Ethnicity is the term used for the culture of people in a given geographic region or of people who descended from natives of that region. You should only include a person or groups racial or ethnic identity if its relevant and/or wanted. They recognize that individuals who describe themselves as fitting into this category may be of any race. When speaking to colleagues about family, (opens in new tab)" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ethnicity is likely a bit more difficult to explain for most people. An old-fashioned rule we can no longer put up with. It is difficult at this early date to predict what difference this demographic shift will mean for racial and ethnic relations in the United States. In other words, we should celebrate and appreciate the differences of one another while keeping in mind we are all part of the same human family. The ethnicity of a person can be determined by his/her dialect, culture, food habits, dressing style, race, physical appearance and so on. The Yorkshire type had always been the strongest of the British strains; the Norwegian and the Dane were a different race from the Saxon. Members of an ethnicity tend to identify with each other based on these shared traits. Etymology. For example, a Japanese-American would probably consider herself a member of the Japanese or Asian race, but, if she doesn't engage in any practices or customs of her ancestors, she might not identify with the ethnicity, instead considering herself an American. Distributive principles vary in numerous dimensions. Examples of ethnicity include being labeled as Irish, Jewish, or Cambodian, regardless of race. For example, a white American might identify as part of a variety of ethnic groups including German American, Polish American, and Irish American, among others. Emma has been awarded reporting grants from the European JournalismCentre, and in 2016 received an International Reporting Project fellowship to attend the COP22 climate conference in Morocco. Join the discussion about your favorite team! For example, if you are celebrating someone as the first enter identity here CEO of the company, and the new CEO wants that identity included, then its relevant. Learn a new word every day. Deadly 'rogue wave' smashes into cruise ship near Antarctica but where did it come from? Im sure I have not covered all the reasons for the complexity of these concepts; even so, you might be feeling overwhelmed. "If you have a minority position [in society], more often than not, you're racialized before youre allowed access to your ethnic identity," Ifekwunigwe said. And, because it encompasses everything from language, to nationality, culture and religion, it can enable people to take on several identities. Both definitions are essential for understanding what race is and the role it plays in society. INS camps were required to provide food quality and housing at the minimum equal to that experienced by the lowest ranked person in the military. Its important to stay current in your understanding of the concepts of race and ethnicity. The poverty thresholds used by the Census Bureau for statistical purposes are complex and are not composed of standardized increments between family sizes. Some researchers believe that the concepts of both race and ethnicity have been socially constructed because their definitions change over time, based on public opinion. The Sociology of Race and Ethnicity. In short, variations in human appearance don't equate to genetic difference. For example, a person can be Black and ethnically Italian, or White and ethnically Italian. Book List. Verywell Mind articles are reviewed by board-certified physicians and mental healthcare professionals. (Eds. When filling out an application or legal form, you might be asked what race, in addition to what ethnicity, you identify with. For example, prior to immigration to the U.S., Italians did not think of themselves as a distinct group with common interests and experiences. We do routinely identify each other's race as "Black," "white" or "Asian," based on visual cues. ); in the nature of the recipients of the distribution (individual persons, groups of persons, reference classes, etc. Not Really, Genes Show. She has written for The Guardian, Wired Magazine, TED Ed, Anthropocene, China Dialogue, and Yale e360 among others, and hasmasters degree in science, health, and environmental reporting from New York University. Instead, it is based on a shared common culture, including elements like language, religion, art, music, and literature,and norms, customs, practices, and history. Race and ethnicity can overlap. "We can't understand race and racism outside of the context of history, and more importantly economics. So why pretend? IMHO we are are all equal. There are 18 ethnic groups recommended for use when asking for someone's ethnicity in England and Wales. Villian vs Villan vs Villain: Which Is the Correct Spelling? The theory of systemic racism, developed by sociologist Joe Feagin, is an important and widely used theory of race and racism that has gained particular traction since the rise of the BlackLivesMatter movement. In other words, it is meant to get an idea about your nationality, heritage, culture, ancestry, and upbringing. The image below displays other examples of words commonly used that are related to ethnicity, race, nationality, and culture that you can easily swap out for more inclusive terms. Her books, including "13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do," have been translated into more than 40 languages. Grades PreK - 4 As against this, the nationality of a person can be determined by his/her country of origin. Connect at linkedin.com/in/allisonbressmer. In this paper, we analyze two key claims offered by recruitment AI companies in relation to the development and deployment of AI-powered HR tools: (1) recruitment AI can objectively assess candidates by removing gender and race from their systems, and (2) this removal of gender and race will make recruitment fairer, help customers attain their DEI goals, The meaning of ETHNICITY is ethnic quality or affiliation. 14, 2021, thoughtco.com/difference-between-race-and-ethnicity-2834950. Definition and History, The Definition of Whiteness in American Society, Scientific and Social Definitions of Race, How a Genetic Mutation Led to the White 'Race'. The U.S. Census list includes these racial categories: As you can see, these categories are extremely broad. INS camps were required to provide food quality and housing at the minimum equal to that experienced by the lowest ranked person in the military. By. How to use ethnicity in a sentence. Second, the race categories Meanwhile, ethnicity is a bit clearer to understand: its about your culture of originand can refer to the culture of your ancestors, even if youre not directly part of that tradition. What's the Difference Between Prejudice and Racism? "Understanding the Difference Between Race and Ethnicity." In the event of a disagreement between the members of 14. But crucially, those are values that humans have chosen to ascribe to each other or themselves. INS Camps were regulated by international treaty. Principal investigators should assess the theoretical and/or scientific linkages between sex/gender, race/ethnicity, and their topic of study. Unlike race, which is primarily seen and understood on the basis of skin color and phenotype, ethnicity does not necessarily provide visual cues. 82% of people in England and Wales are white, and 18% belong to a black, Asian, mixed or other ethnic group (2021 Census data). When completing paperwork that asks for race, you may be asked to identify yourself as belonging to one or more of the following categories: Sometimes, you may be asked to select just one category. 2020 Census Questions: Race. Ancient Egyptian mummification was never intended to preserve bodies, new exhibit reveals, 'Quantum time flip' makes light move simultaneously forward and backward in time, The ultimate action-packed science and technology magazine bursting with exciting information about the universe, Subscribe today for our Black Frida offer - Save up to 50%, Engaging articles, amazing illustrations & exclusive interviews, Issues delivered straight to your door or device. These are the first in a Race refers to how we categorize people by skin color and phenotypecertain physical facial features that are shared to a certain degree by a given group. Race and health refers to how being identified with a specific race influences health.Race is a complex concept that has changed across chronological eras and depends on both self-identification and social recognition. The problem occurs when we conflate this social habit with scientific truth because there is nothing in individuals' genomes that could be used to separate them along such clear racial lines. The poverty thresholds used by the Census Bureau for statistical purposes are complex and are not composed of standardized increments between family sizes. The traditional definition of race and ethnicity is related to biological and sociological factors respectively. Another way to look at the difference is to consider people who share the same ethnicity. https://www.aclu.org/blog/racial-justice/race-and-criminal-justice/how-black-lives-matter-changed-way-americans-fight (opens in new tab), White Nationalist. 6. Sociologists emphasize, though, that while race is not a concrete, fixed thing that is essential to human bodies, it is much more than simply an illusion. Ethnicity has been used to oppress different groups (opens in new tab), as occurred during the Holocaust, or within interethnic conflict of the Rwandan genocide, where ethnicity was used to justify mass killings. Second, the race categories Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. In this Schedule the relevant person means Could they infect people? You can change your cookie settings at any time. Race/ethnicity includes White British people, but Asian, Black and other ethnically diverse people are more likely to experience racial prejudice Continue reading All this paints a complex picture, which might leave us pondering how we should view the idea of race and ethnicity. Thats not to say ones racial identity is unimportant. As noted earlier, the history of the United States is filled with examples of prejudice and discrimination against immigrants. One indication of the difference between race and ethnicity is that ethnicity can be hidden, but race is typically on display. Literally, it implied the act of running but figuratively it came to refer to a person's progression through life or through a period in life. Scientists have found that the amount of genetic variation within any racial group is greater than the average difference between any two groups. In her article, Do Races Differ? Race is usually associated with biology and linked with physical characteristics such as hair texture and skin color. 1. Some scholars argue that race is cultural and reflects specific attitudes and beliefs imposed on populations in the wake of the Western European conquests of the 15th century. 2010;107(Supplement_2):8962-8968. doi:10.1073/pnas.0914628107. Thats one reason using these terms can seem complicated. The term dialect (from Latin dialectus, dialectos, from the Ancient Greek word , dilektos 'discourse', from , di 'through' and , lg 'I speak') can refer to either of two distinctly different types of linguistic phenomena: . Nigerians who recently moved to the U.S. might identify more with their specific group from within NigeriaIgbo, Yoruba, or Fulani, for examplethan their nationality. Race data affects the funding of government programs that provide services for specific groups. Ethnic enters Middle English via Late Latin ethnicus and ultimately derives from Greek ethnikos, meaning "national" or "gentile," and is related to ethnos, "nation" or "people.". Related: Why did some people become white? ); and on what basis the As Jablonski described earlier, the racial groupings we have invented are actually genetically more similar to each other than they are different meaning there's no way to definitively separate people into races according to their biology. Ethnicity? This could apply for any member of any race. Yet people of similar complexions/hair textures can be defined as different races, and the definitions in the U.S. have changed over time. Power does not exclusively refer to the threat or use of force by one actor against another, but may also be exerted through diffuse means (such as institutions).Power may also take structural forms, as it orders actors in relation to one Race and health refers to how being identified with a specific race influences health.Race is a complex concept that has changed across chronological eras and depends on both self-identification and social recognition. It makes sense that people from the same place may share ethnic markers and racial features. Topics and methods in this subfield are wide-ranging, and the development of the field dates back to the early 20th century. Amy Morin, LCSW, is the Editor-in-Chief of Verywell Mind. In the study of race and health, scientists organize people in racial categories depending on different factors such as: phenotype, ancestry, social identity, The English language's most successful export is a joke. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. If that identity is extraneous, leave it out. Although organizations might want to collect statistics on race and ethnicity, people dont always fit into simple categories. In social science and politics, power is the social production of an effect that determines the capacities, actions, beliefs, or conduct of actors. [citation needed] However, the differences were not all statistically significant. Do not stereotype. What are Phonemes, Graphemes, and Digraphs? The concept of 'ethnicity' contrasts with that of 'race' in that it is concerned with group cultural identity or expression whereas 'race' focuses on physical and biogenetic traits. United States Census Bureau. The category Black or African American includes all individuals who identify with one or more nationalities or ethnic groups originating in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.. This is stupidity not Science. As against this, the nationality of a person can be determined by his/her country of origin. (2014, July 31). Ugh? Their ineptitude at managing their scarce (oops, their fault again) resources. LOL. Book List. That not only cemented the notion that there are separate racial "types" but also fueled the idea that these differences had a biological basis. Even though race and ethnicity refer to different aspects of a persons identity, they are often related. Yet, the scientific basis for that premise simply isn't there. In sum: the term race is understood today as primarily a sociological designation that identifies a group sharing some outward physical characteristics and some commonalities of culture and history, while ethnicity is a word for something you acquire based on where your family is from and the group which you share cultural, traditional, and familial bonds and experiences with. This concept refers to the way in which people of color in predominantly white societies and spaces and ethnic minorities have the experience of seeing themselves through their own eyes, but also of seeing themselves as "other" through the eyes of the white majority. by descent I am the head not only of my own race, which ends with me, but of the Haughton family, of which, though your line assumed the name, it was but a younger branch. Scope and Role of Distributive Principles. We might use a persons apparent race to make assumptions about their ethnicitytheir cultural affiliations, religious beliefs, food preferences, values, etc. While it is socially constructed through human interaction and relationships between people and institutions, as a social force, race is real in its consequences. 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